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Reference: Tatchell K, et al. (2011) Temperature-sensitive ipl1-2/Aurora B mutation is suppressed by mutations in TOR complex 1 via the Glc7/PP1 phosphatase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108(10):3994-9

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Abstract


Ipl1/Aurora B is the catalytic subunit of a complex that is required for chromosome segregation and nuclear division. Before anaphase, Ipl1 localizes to kinetochores, where it is required to establish proper kinetochore-microtubule associations and regulate the spindle assembly checkpoint. The protein phosphatase Glc7/PP1 opposes Ipl1 for some of these activities. To more thoroughly characterize the Glc7 phosphatase that opposes Ipl1, we have identified mutations that suppress the thermosensitivity of an ipl1-2 mutant. In addition to mutations in genes previously associated with ipl1 suppression, we recovered a null mutant in TCO89, which encodes a subunit of the TOR complex 1 (TORC1), the conserved rapamycin-sensitive kinase activity that regulates cell growth in response to nutritional status. The temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 can also be suppressed by null mutation of TOR1 or by administration of pharmacological TORC1 inhibitors, indicating that reduced TORC1 activity is responsible for the suppression. Suppression of the ipl1-2 growth defect is accompanied by increased fidelity of chromosome segregation and increased phosphorylation of the Ipl1 substrates histone H3 and Dam1. Nuclear Glc7 levels are reduced in a tco89 mutant, suggesting that TORC1 activity is required for the nuclear accumulation of Glc7. In addition, several mutant GLC7 alleles that suppress the temperature sensitivity of ipl1-2 exhibit negative synthetic genetic interactions with TORC1 mutants. Together, our results suggest that TORC1 positively regulates the Glc7 activity that opposes Ipl1 and provide a mechanism to tie nutritional status with mitotic regulation.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Authors
Tatchell K, Makrantoni V, Stark MJ, Robinson LC
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