Take our Survey

Reference: Roncoroni M, et al. (2011) The yeast IRC7 gene encodes a beta-lyase responsible for production of the varietal thiol 4-mercapto-4-methylpentan-2-one in wine. Food Microbiol 28(5):926-35

Reference Help

Abstract


Three varietal thiols are key aroma compounds in Sauvignon Blanc wines: 4-mercapto-4-methylpentan-2-one (4MMP), 3-mercaptohexanol (3MH) and its acetylated derivative 3-mercaptohexyl acetate (3MHA). Screening of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains identified a clinical isolate with elevated 4MMP production after fermentation. Bulked Segregant Analysis of a cross between this isolate and the laboratory strain revealed a single major locus for 4MMP production near the telomere of chromosome 6. Deletion of the IRC7 gene from this region in YJM450 reduced 4MMP production below detectable levels, but did not affect yields of 3MH, in Sauvignon Blanc wine. Sequencing revealed that the IRC7 gene in YJM450 had been introgressed from a strain of Saccharomyces paradoxus. Most strains of S. cerevisiae, including the laboratory strain S288C, have a 38-bp deletion that inactivates IRC7. Overexpression of a full-length S. cerevisiae allele of IRC7 in a wine yeast, Zymaflore F15, increased 4MMP production in Sauvignon Blanc wine from undetectable levels (<10 ng L(-1)) to concentrations of 1000 ng L(-1), and also increased 3MH and 3MHA. Biochemical analysis of soluble protein extracts showed that both the cerevisiae and paradoxus IRC7 proteins show beta-lyase activity, with a substrate preference for cys-4MMP over cys-3MH.CI - Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Roncoroni M, Santiago M, Hooks DO, Moroney S, Harsch MJ, Lee SA, Richards KD, Nicolau L, Gardner RC
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference