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Reference: Vogtle FN, et al. (2011) Mitochondrial protein turnover: role of the precursor intermediate peptidase Oct1 in protein stabilization. Mol Biol Cell 22(13):2135-43

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Abstract

Most mitochondrial proteins are encoded in the nucleus as precursor proteins and carry N-terminal presequences for import into the organelle. The vast majority of presequences are proteolytically removed by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) localized in the matrix. A subset of precursors with a characteristic amino acid motif is additionally processed by the mitochondrial intermediate peptidase (MIP) octapeptidyl aminopeptidase 1 (Oct1), which removes an octapeptide from the N-terminus of the precursor intermediate. However, the function of this second cleavage step is elusive. In this paper, we report the identification of a novel Oct1 substrate protein with an unusual cleavage motif. Inspection of the Oct1 substrates revealed that the N-termini of the intermediates typically carry a destabilizing amino acid residue according to the N-end rule of protein degradation, whereas mature proteins carry stabilizing N-terminal residues. We compared the stability of intermediate and mature forms of Oct1 substrate proteins in organello and in vivo and found that Oct1 cleavage increases the half-life of its substrate proteins, most likely by removing destabilizing amino acids at the intermediate's N-terminus. Thus Oct1 converts unstable precursor intermediates generated by MPP into stable mature proteins.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Vogtle FN, Prinz C, Kellermann J, Lottspeich F, Pfanner N, Meisinger C
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