Take our Survey

Reference: Yu JH, et al. (2011) Cortical actin dynamics driven by formins and myosin V. J Cell Sci 124(Pt 9):1533-41

Reference Help

Abstract


Cell morphogenesis requires complex and rapid reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton. The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an invaluable model system for studying molecular mechanisms driving actin dynamics. Actin cables in yeast are formin-generated linear actin arrays that serve as tracks for directed intracellular transport by type V myosins. Cables are constantly reorganized throughout the cell cycle but the molecular basis for such dynamics remains poorly understood. By combining total internal reflection microscopy, quantitative image analyses and genetic manipulations we identify kinetically distinct subpopulations of cables that are differentially driven by formins and myosin. Bni1 drives elongation of randomly oriented actin cables in unpolarized cells, whereas both formins Bnr1 and Bni1 mediate slower polymerization of cables in polarized cells. Type V myosin Myo2 surprisingly acts as a motor for translational cable motility along the cell cortex. During polarization, cells change from fast to slow cable dynamics through spatio-temporal regulation of Bni1, Bnr1 and Myo2. In summary, we identify molecular mechanisms for the regulation of cable dynamics and suggest that fast actin reorganization is necessary for fidelity of cell polarization.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Yu JH, Crevenna AH, Bettenbuhl M, Freisinger T, Wedlich-Soldner R
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference