In yeast, the two main F(O) proton-translocating subunits of the ATP synthase (subunits 6/a and 9/c) are encoded by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Unfortunately, mutations that inactivate the F(O) typically result in loss of mtDNA under the form of ?(-)/?(0) cells. Thus, we have designed a novel genetic strategy to circumvent this problem. It exploits previous findings that a null mutation in the nuclear ATP16 gene encoding ATP synthase subunit d results in massive and lethal F(O)-mediated protons leaks across the inner mitochondrial membrane. Mutations that inactivate the F(O) can thus, in these conditions, be selected positively as cell viability rescuing events. A first set of seven mutants was analyzed and all showed, as expected, very severe F(O) deficiencies. Two mutants carried nuclear mutations in known genes (AEP1, AEP2) required for subunit c expression. The five other mutations were located in mtDNA. Of these, three affect synthesis or stability of subunit a transcripts and the two last consisted in a single amino acid replacement in subunit c. One of the subunit c mutations is particularly interesting. It consists in an alanine to valine change at position 60 of subunit c adjacent to the essential glutamate of subunit c (at position 59) that interacts with the essential arginine 186 of subunit a. The properties of this mutant suggest that the contact zone between subunit a and the ten subunits c-ring structure only involves critical transient interactions confined to the region where protons are exchanged between the subunit a and the c-ring.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|