Reference: Na Y, et al. (2011) N-phenylglucosylamine hydrolysis: a mechanistic probe of ?-glucosidase. Bioorg Chem 39(3):111-3

Reference Help

Abstract

The spontaneous hydrolysis of glycosylamines, where the aglycone is either a primary amine or ammonia, is over a hundred million-times faster than that of O- or S-glycosides. The reason for this (as pointed out by Capon and Connett in 1965) is that, in contrast to the mechanism for O- or S-glycoside hydrolysis, hydrolysis of these N-glycosides (e.g., glc-NHR) involves an endocyclic C-O bond cleavage resulting in formation of an imine (iminium ion) which then reacts with water. Since ring-opening is kinetically favored with glycosylamines, compounds such as phenylglucosylamine can be a useful probes of enzymes that have been suggested to possibly follow this mechanism. With ?-glucosidase from sweet almonds, the enzyme is highly efficient in catalyzing the hydrolysis of phenyl glucoside (k(cat)/k(non)~10(14)) and phenyl thioglucoside (k(cat)/k(non)~10(10)) while with either the almond or the Aspergillus niger enzyme or with yeast a-glucosidase, there is no detectable catalysis of phenylglucosylamine hydrolysis (k(cat)/k(non)<20). These results are consistent with the generally accepted mechanism involving exocyclic bond cleavage by these enzymes.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Na Y, Shen H, Byers LD
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference