Traffic from the trans-Golgi network to the plasma membrane is thought to occur through at least two different independent pathways. The chitin synthase Chs3p requires the exomer complex and Arf1p to reach the bud neck of yeast cells in a cell-cycle-dependent manner, whereas the hexose transporter Hxt2p localizes over the entire plasma membrane independently of the exomer complex. Here, we conducted a visual screen for communalities and differences between the exomer-dependent and exomer-independent transport to the plasma membrane in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We found that most of the components that are required for the fusion of transport vesicles with the plasma membrane, are involved in localization of both Chs3p and Hxt2p. However, the lethal giant larva homologue Sro7p is required primarily for the targeting of Chs3p, and not Hxt2p or other cargoes such as Itr1p, Cwp2p and Pma1p. Interestingly, this transport defect was more pronounced in large-budded cells just before cytokinesis than in small-budded cells. In addition, we found that the yeast Rab11 homologue Ypt31p determines the residence time of Chs3p in the bud neck of small-budded, but not large-budded, cells. We propose that transport to and from the bud neck is regulated differently in small- and large-budded cells, and differs early and late in the cell cycle.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|