Cohesin is best known as a crucial component of chromosomal stability. Composed of several essential subunits in budding yeast, cohesin forms a ring-like complex that is thought to embrace sister chromatids, thereby physically linking them until their timely segregation during cell division. The ability of cohesin to bind chromosomes depends on the Scc2-Scc4 complex, which is viewed as a loading factor for cohesin onto DNA. Notably, in addition to its canonical function in sister chromatid cohesion, cohesin has also been implicated in gene regulation and development in organisms ranging from yeast to human. Despite its importance, both as a mediator of sister chromatid cohesion and as a modulator of gene expression, the nature of the association of cohesin with chromosomes that enables it to fulfil both of these roles remains incompletely understood. The mechanism by which cohesin is loaded onto chromosomes, and how cohesin and the related condensin and Smc5-Smc6 complexes promote DNA interactions require further elucidation. In this Commentary, we critically review the evidence for cohesin loading and its subsequent apparent sliding along chromosomes, and discuss the implications gained from cohesin localisation studies for its important functions in chromosome biology.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|