Denaturant-induced conformational change of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c (Cytc) has been comprehensively investigated in the single-molecule and bulk phases. By fluorescence-quenching experiments with dye-labelled heme-protein (Alexa 488-labelled Cytc, Cytc-A488), we clearly show that the fluorescence quenching observed from folded Cytc-A488 is due mainly to photoinduced electron transfer (PET) between electron-donating amino acids such as tryptophan and the dye attached to the protein. In addition, the unfolding process of Cytc-A488 observed in the single-molecule and bulk phases can be explained well in terms of a three-state model: Cytc unfolds through an intermediate with a native-like compactness. By quantitative analysis of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) data, we were able to observe a relaxation time of approximately 1.5 mus corresponding to segmental motion and fast folding dynamics of 55 mus in the unfolded state of Cytc. The results presented here also suggest that a combination of single-molecule and ensemble-averaged spectroscopy is necessary to provide convincing and comprehensive assignments of protein kinetics.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|