Eukaryotic chromatin is regulated by chromatin factors such as histone modification enzymes, chromatin remodeling complexes and histone chaperones in a variety of DNA-dependent reactions. Among these reactions, transcription in the chromatin context is well studied. On the other hand, how other DNA-dependent reactions, including postreplicative homologous recombination, are regulated in the chromatin context remains elusive. Here, histone H3 Lys56 acetylation, mediated by the histone acetyltransferase Rtt109 and the histone chaperone Cia1/Asf1, is shown to be required for postreplicative sister chromatid recombination. This recombination did not occur in the cia1/asf1-V94R mutant, which lacks histone binding and histone chaperone activities and which cannot promote the histone acetyltransferase activity of Rtt109. A defect in another histone chaperone, CAF-1, led to an increase in acetylated H3-K56 (H3-K56-Ac)-dependent postreplicative recombination. Some DNA lesions recognized by the putative ubiquitin ligase complex Rtt101-Mms1-Mms22, which is reported to act downstream of the H3-K56-Ac signaling pathway, seem to be increased in CAF-1 defective cells. Taken together, these data provide the framework for a postreplicative recombination mechanism controlled by histone modifiers and histone chaperones in multiple ways.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|