Hsp90 populates distinct open and closed conformations mediated by transient N-terminal dimerization. To investigate the mechanistic role of these large conformational changes, we designed Hsp90 with an N-terminal coiled-coil to clamp the termini together and enforce N-domain proximity. Biophysical analyses demonstrate that the coiled-coil effectively maintains N-domain proximity in the absence of ATP, a condition that favors the open state of Hsp90. Enforcing N-domain proximity results in increased ATPase activity, indicating that N-terminal dimerization is a rate limiting step that is sped-up with the coiled-coil due to increased effective N-domain concentration. The relative difference in ATPase activity between coil-Hsp90 and wt was reduced in the presence of both an ATPase activating (Aha1) and an inhibiting (Sba1) co-chaperone. As both of these co-chaperones bind preferentially to N-terminally dimerized Hsp90, the buffering effect of these co-chaperones demonstrates the biochemical relevance of Hsp90 conformational properties in addition to N-terminal dimerization. Enforcing N-domain proximity is compatible with viability in yeast, underlining the mechanistic relevance of Hsp90 conformational changes that are less dramatic than the transition between fully open and closed.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|