Calmodulin is an essential Ca(2+)-binding protein involved in a multitude of cellular processes. The calmodulin sequence is highly conserved among all eukaryotic species; calmodulin from the yeast S. cerevisiae (yCaM) is the most divergent form, while still sharing 60% sequence identity with vertebrate calmodulin (vCaM). Although yCaM can be functionally substituted by vCaM in vivo, the two calmodulin proteins possess significantly different Ca(2+)-binding properties as well as abilities to activate vertebrate target enzymes in vitro. In addition, it has been observed that certain properties of the N-terminal and C-terminal domains of Ca(2+)-yCaM differ depending on whether they are in the context of the whole protein or isolated as half-molecule fragments. To investigate the structural basis for these differing properties, we have undertaken nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies on yCaM and the two half-molecule fragments representing its two individual domains, yTr1(residues 1-76) and yTr2 (residues 75-146). We present direct evidence that the two domains of Ca(2+)-yCaM interact via their exposed hydrophobic surfaces. Thus, the Ca(2+)-bound form of yCaM exists in a novel compact structure in direct contrast to the well-established structure of Ca(2+)-vCaM comprised of two independent globular domains.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|