Reference: Stiburek L and Zeman J (2010) Assembly factors and ATP-dependent proteases in cytochrome c oxidase biogenesis. Biochim Biophys Acta 1797(6-7):1149-58

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Abstract


Eukaryotic cytochrome c oxidase (CcO), the terminal enzyme of the energy-transducing mitochondrial electron transport chain is a hetero-oligomeric, heme-copper oxidase complex composed of both mitochondrially and nuclear-encoded subunits. It is embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane where it couples the transfer of electrons from reduced cytochrome c to molecular oxygen with vectorial proton translocation across the membrane. The biogenesis of CcO is a complicated sequential process that requires numerous specific accessory proteins, so-called assembly factors, which include translational activators, translocases, molecular chaperones, copper metallochaperones and heme a biosynthetic enzymes. Besides these CcO-specific protein factors, the correct biogenesis of CcO requires an even greater number of proteins with much broader substrate specificities. Indeed, growing evidence indicates that mitochondrial ATP-dependent proteases might play an important role in CcO biogenesis. Out of the four identified energy-dependent mitochondrial proteases, three were shown to be directly involved in proteolysis of CcO subunits. In addition to their well-established protein-quality control function these oligomeric proteolytic complexes with chaperone-like activities may function as molecular chaperones promoting productive folding and assembly of subunit proteins. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of the functional involvement of eukaryotic CcO-specific assembly factors and highlight the possible significance for CcO biogenesis of mitochondrial ATP-dependent proteases.CI - Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Review | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Stiburek L, Zeman J
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