Eukaryotic cytochrome c oxidase (CcO), the terminal enzyme of the energy-transducing mitochondrial electron transport chain is a hetero-oligomeric, heme-copper oxidase complex composed of both mitochondrially and nuclear-encoded subunits. It is embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane where it couples the transfer of electrons from reduced cytochrome c to molecular oxygen with vectorial proton translocation across the membrane. The biogenesis of CcO is a complicated sequential process that requires numerous specific accessory proteins, so-called assembly factors, which include translational activators, translocases, molecular chaperones, copper metallochaperones and heme a biosynthetic enzymes. Besides these CcO-specific protein factors, the correct biogenesis of CcO requires an even greater number of proteins with much broader substrate specificities. Indeed, growing evidence indicates that mitochondrial ATP-dependent proteases might play an important role in CcO biogenesis. Out of the four identified energy-dependent mitochondrial proteases, three were shown to be directly involved in proteolysis of CcO subunits. In addition to their well-established protein-quality control function these oligomeric proteolytic complexes with chaperone-like activities may function as molecular chaperones promoting productive folding and assembly of subunit proteins. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of the functional involvement of eukaryotic CcO-specific assembly factors and highlight the possible significance for CcO biogenesis of mitochondrial ATP-dependent proteases.CI - Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|