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Reference: Liu Y, et al. (2011) Interaction of SNF1 Protein Kinase with Its Activating Kinase Sak1. Eukaryot Cell 10(3):313-9

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Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae SNF1 protein kinase, a member of the SNF1/AMPK family, is activated by three kinases, Sak1, Tos3, and Elm1, which phosphorylate the Snf1 catalytic subunit on Thr-210 in response to glucose limitation and other stresses. Sak1 is the primary Snf1-activating kinase and is associated with Snf1 in a complex. Here we examine the interaction of Sak1 with SNF1. We report that Sak1 coimmunopurifies with the Snf1 catalytic subunit from extracts of both glucose-replete and glucose-limited cultures and that interaction occurs independent of the phosphorylation state of Snf1 Thr-210, Snf1 catalytic activity, and other SNF1 subunits. Sak1 interacts with the Snf1 kinase domain, and nonconserved sequences C-terminal to the Sak1 kinase domain mediate interaction with Snf1 and augment phosphorylation and activation of Snf1. The Sak1 C terminus is modified in response to glucose depletion, dependent on SNF1 activity. Replacement of the C terminus of Elm1 (or Tos3) with that of Sak1 enhanced the ability of the Elm1 kinase domain to interact with and phosphorylate Snf1. These findings indicate that the C terminus of Sak1 confers its function as the primary Snf1-activating kinase and suggest that physical association of Sak1 with SNF1 facilitates responses to environmental change.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Liu Y, Xu X, Carlson M
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