Cotranslational translocation of proteins requires ribosome binding to the Sec61p channel at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. We have used electron cryomicroscopy to determine the structures of ribosome-channel complexes in the absence or presence of translocating polypeptide chains. Surprisingly, the structures are similar and contain 3-4 connections between the ribosome and channel that leave a lateral opening into the cytosol. Therefore, the ribosome-channel junction may allow the direct transfer of polypeptides into the channel and provide a path for the egress of some nascent chains into the cytosol. Moreover, complexes solubilized from mammalian ER membranes contain an additional membrane protein that has a large, lumenal protrusion and is intercalated into the wall of the Sec61p channel. Thus, the native channel contains a component that is not essential for translocation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|