Dominant negative PMA1 mutants render misfolded proteins that are retained in the ER and slowly degraded by ER-associated degradation (ERAD). Accumulation of misfolded proteins in the ER activates an ER-to-nucleus signalling pathway termed the unfolded protein response (UPR). We have used a PMA1-D378T dominant negative mutant to analyze its impact on UPR induction. Our results show that overexpression of the misfolded mutant Pma1 does not lead to activation of the UPR. In addition, in mutants with a constitutively activated UPR the turnover rate of the mutant ATPase is not altered. To determine if the expression of the misfolded mutant protein induces some other kind of response we performed global gene expression analysis experiments in yeasts overexpressing either wild type or dominant lethal PMA1 alleles. The results suggest that the High Osmolarity Glycerol (Hog1) Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) pathway is activated by both wild type and mutant ATPases. We show that expression of the PMA1 alleles induces phosphorylation of Hog1 and activation of the Hog1 MAPK cascade. This activation is mediated by the Sln1-branch of the stress-dependent Hog1 MAPK network. Finally, we show that at least two other plasma membrane proteins are also able to activate the Hog1 MAPK system.CI - (c) 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|