Cdc42p plays a central role in asymmetric cell growth in yeast by controlling actin organization and vesicular trafficking. However, how Cdc42p is maintained specifically at the daughter cell plasma membrane during asymmetric cell growth is unclear. We have analyzed Cdc42p localization in yeast mutants defective in various stages of membrane trafficking by fluorescence microscopy and biochemical fractionation. We found that two separate exocytic pathways mediate Cdc42p delivery to the daughter cell. Defects in one of these pathways result in Cdc42p being re-routed through the other. In particular, the pathway involving trafficking through endosomes may couple Cdc42p endocytosis from, and subsequent re-delivery to, the plasma membrane to maintain Cdc42p polarization at the daughter cell. While the endo-exocytotic coupling is necessary for Cdc42p polarization, it is not sufficient to prevent the lateral diffusion of Cdc42p along the cell cortex. A barrier function conferred by septins is required to counteract the dispersal of Cdc42p and maintain its localization in the daughter cell, but has no effect on the initial polarization of Cdc42p at the presumptive budding site before symmetry breaking. Collectively, membrane trafficking and septins function synergistically to maintain the dynamic polarization of Cdc42p during asymmetric growth in yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|