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Reference: Reid RJ, et al. (2011) Selective ploidy ablation, a high-throughput plasmid transfer protocol, identifies new genes affecting topoisomerase I-induced DNA damage. Genome Res 21(3):477-86

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Abstract

We have streamlined the process of transferring plasmids into any yeast strain library by developing a novel mating-based, high-throughput method called selective ploidy ablation (SPA). SPA uses a universal plasmid donor strain that contains conditional centromeres on every chromosome. The plasmid-bearing donor is mated to a recipient followed by removal of all donor strain chromosomes, producing a haploid strain containing the transferred plasmid. As proof of principle, we used SPA to transfer plasmids containing wild-type and mutant alleles of DNA topoisomerase I (TOP1) into the haploid yeast gene disruption library. Over-expression of Top1 identified only one sensitive mutation, rpa34, while over-expression of top1-T722A allele, a camptothecin mimetic, identified 190 sensitive gene disruption strains along with rpa34. In addition to known camptothecin sensitive strains, this set contained mutations in genes involved in the Rpd3 histone deacetylase complex, the kinetochore and vesicle trafficking. We further show that mutations in several ESCRT vesicle trafficking components increase Top1 levels, which is dependent on SUMO modification. These findings demonstrate the utility of the SPA technique to introduce plasmids into the haploid gene disruption library to discover new interacting pathways.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Reid RJ, Gonzalez-Barrera S, Sunjevaric I, Alvaro D, Ciccone S, Wagner M, Rothstein R
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