The synaptonemal complex (SC) is a meiosis-specific tripartite structure that forms between two homologous chromosomes: it consists of a central region and two parallel lateral elements. Lateral elements are also called axial elements prior to synapsis. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Red1, Hop1, and Mek1 are structural components of axial/lateral elements. The red1/mek1/hop1 mutants all exhibit reduced levels of interhomolog recombination and produce no viable spores. Red1 is a phosphoprotein. Several earlier reports proposed that phosphorylated Red1 plays important roles in meiosis, including in signaling meiotic DNA damages or in preventing exit from the pachytene chromosomes. We report here that phosphorylation of Red1 is carried out in CDC28-dependent and CDC28-independent manners. In contrast to previous results, we found Red1 phosphorylation to be independent of meiotic DNA recombination, the Mec1/Tel1 DNA damage checkpoint kinases, and the Mek1 kinase. To functionally validate phosphorylation of Red1, we mapped the phosphorylation sites on this protein. A red1(14A) mutant showing no detectable Red1 phosphorylation did not exhibit decreased sporulation efficiency, defects in viable spore production, or defects in meiotic DNA damage checkpoints. Thus, our results suggest that phosphorylation of Red1 is not essential for its functions in meiosis.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|