Aminoglycosides inhibit translation in bacteria by binding to the A site in the ribosome. Here, it is shown that, in yeast, aminoglycosides can also interfere with other processes of translation in vitro. Steady-state aminoacylation kinetics of unmodified yeast tRNA(Asp) transcript indicate that the complex between tRNA(Asp) and tobramycin is a competitive inhibitor of the aspartylation reaction with an inhibition constant (K(I)) of 36 nM. Addition of an excess of heterologous tRNAs did not reverse the charging of tRNA(Asp), indicating a specific inhibition of the aspartylation reaction. Although magnesium ions compete with the inhibitory effect, the formation of the aspartate adenylate in the ATP-PP(i) exchange reaction by aspartyl-tRNA synthetase in the absence of the tRNA is not inhibited. Ultraviolet absorbance melting experiments indicate that tobramycin interacts with and destabilizes the native L-shaped tertiary structure of tRNA(Asp). Fluorescence anisotropy using fluorescein-labelled tobramycin reveals a stoichiometry of one molecule bound to tRNA(Asp) with a K(D) of 267 nM. The results indicate that aminoglycosides are biologically effective when their binding induces a shift in a conformational equilibrium of the RNA.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|