LTR-retrotransposons are abundant components of all eukaryotic genomes and appear to be key players in their evolution. They share with retroviruses a reverse transcription step during their replication cycle. To better understand the replication of retrotransposons as well as their similarities to and differences from retroviruses, we set up an in vitro model system to examine minus-strand cDNA synthesis of the yeast Ty1 LTR-retrotransposon. Results show that the 5' and 3' ends of Ty1 genomic RNA interact through 14 nucleotide 5'-3' complementary sequences (CYC sequences). This 5'-3' base pairing results in an efficient initiation of reverse transcription in vitro. Transposition of a marked Ty1 element and Ty1 cDNA synthesis in yeast rely on the ability of the CYC sequences to base pair. This 5'-3' interaction is also supported by phylogenic analysis of all full-length Ty1 and Ty2 elements present in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. These novel findings lead us to propose that circularization of the Ty1 genomic RNA controls initiation of reverse transcription and may limit reverse transcription of defective retroelements.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|