Response to hyperosmolarity in the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has attracted a great deal of attention of molecular and cellular biologists in recent years, from both the fundamental scientific and applied viewpoint. Indeed the underlying molecular mechanisms form a clear demonstration of the intricate interplay of (environmental) signalling events, regulation of gene expression and control of metabolism that is pivotal to any living cell. In this article we briefly review the cellular response to conditions of hyperosmolarity, with focus on the high-osmolarity glycerol mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway as the major signalling route governing cellular adaptations. Special attention will be paid to the recent finding that in the yeast cell also major structural changes occur in order to ensure maintenance of cell integrity. The intriguing role of glycerol in growth of yeast under (osmotic) stress conditions is highlighted.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|