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Reference: Ebert CE, et al. (2003) Aspartate-186 in the head group of the yeast iron-sulfur protein of the cytochrome bc1 complex contributes to the protein conformation required for efficient electron transfer. Biochim Biophys Acta 1607(2-3):65-78

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Abstract

Two conserved charged amino acids, aspartate-186 and arginine-190, localized in the aqueous head region of the iron-sulfur protein of the cytochrome bc(1) complex of yeast mitochondria, were mutated to alanine, glutamate, or asparagine and isoleucine, respectively. The R190I mutation resulted in the complete loss of antimycin- and myxothiazol-sensitive cytochrome c reductase activity due to loss of more than 60% of the iron-sulfur protein in the complex. Mitochondria isolated from the D186A mutant had a 50% decrease in cytochrome c reductase activity but no loss of the iron-sulfur protein or the [2Fe-2S] cluster. The midpoint potential of the [2Fe-2S] cluster of the D186A mutant was decreased from 281 to 178 mV. The D186E and D186N mutations did not result in a loss of cytochrome c reductase activity or content of iron-sulfur protein; however, the redox potential of the [2Fe-2S] cluster of D186N was decreased from 281 to 241 mV. Molecular modeling/dynamics studies predicted that substituting an alanine for Asp-186 causes global structural changes in the head group of the iron-sulfur protein resulting in changes in the orientation of the [2Fe-2S] cluster and consequently a lowered redox potential. The rate of electrogenic proton pumping in the bc(1) complex isolated from mutant D186A reconstituted into proteoliposomes decreased 64%; however, the H(+)/2e(-) ratio of 1.9 was identical in the mutant and the wild-type complexes. The carboxyl binding reagent, N-(ethoxycarbonyl)-2-ethoxyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) blocked electrogenic proton pumping in the bc(1) complex reconstituted into proteoliposomes without affecting electron transfer resulting in a decrease in the H(+)/2e(-) ratio to 1.2 and 1.1, respectively. EEDQ was bound to the iron-sulfur protein and core protein II in both the wild type and the D186A mutant, indicating that Asp-186 of the iron-sulfur protein is not required for proton translocation in the bc(1) complex.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Ebert CE, Ghosh M, Wang Y, Beattie DS
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