Mating pheromone receptors of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are useful models for the study of G protein-coupled receptors. The mating pheromone receptors, Ste2 and Ste3, are not essential for viability so they can be readily targeted for analysis by a variety of genetic approaches. This chapter will describe methods for identification of two kinds of mutants that have been very informative about the mechanisms of receptor signaling: constitutively active mutants and dominant-negative mutants. Interestingly, these distinct types of mutants have revealed complementary information. Constitutive signaling is caused by mutations that are thought to weaken interactions between the seven transmembrane domains (TMDs), whereas the dominant-negative mutants apparently stabilize contacts between TMDs and lock receptors in the off conformation. In support of these conclusions, certain combinations of constitutively active and dominant-negative mutants restore nearly normal signaling properties.CI - Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|