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Reference: Voelker DR (2004) Genetic analysis of intracellular aminoglycerophospholipid traffic. Biochem Cell Biol 82(1):156-69

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Abstract


Inter- and intramembrane phospholipid transport processes are central features of membrane biogenesis and homeostasis. Relatively recent successes in the molecular genetic analysis of aminoglycerophospholipid transport processes in both yeast and mammalian cells are now providing important new information defining specific protein and lipid components that participate in these reactions. Studies focused on phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) transport to the mitochondria reveal that the process is regulated by ubiquitination. In addition, a specific mutation disrupts PtdSer transport between mitochondrial membranes. Analysis of PtdSer transport from the endoplasmic reticulum to the locus of PtdSer decarboxylase 2 demonstrates the requirement for a phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase, a phosphatidylinositol-binding protein, and the C2 domain of the decarboxylase. Examination of NBD-phosphatidylcholine transport demonstrates the involvement of the prevacuolar compartment and a requirement for multiple genes involved in regulating vacuolar protein sorting for transport of the lipid to the vacuole. In intramembrane transport, multiple genes are now identified including those encoding multidrug resistant protein family members, DNF family members, ATP binding cassette transporters, and pleiotropic drug resistance family members. The scramblase family constitutes a collection of putative transmembrane transporters that function in an ATP-independent manner. The genetic analysis of lipid traffic is uncovering new molecules involved in all aspects of the regulation and execution of the transport steps and also providing essential tools to critically test the involvement of numerous candidate molecules.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Review | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
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Voelker DR
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