The mitochondrial cytochrome b missense mutation, G167E, has been reported in a patient with cardiomyopathy. The residue G167 is located in an extramembranous helix close to the hinge region of the iron-sulfur protein. In order to characterize the effects of the mutation on the structure and function of the bc(1) complex, we introduced G167E into the highly similar yeast cytochrome b. The mutation had a severe effect on the respiratory function, with the activity of the bc(1) complex decreased to a few per cent of the wild type. Analysis of the enzyme activity indicated that the mutation affected its stability, which could be the result of an altered binding of the iron-sulfur protein on the complex. G167E had no major effect on the interaction between the iron-sulfur protein headgroup and the quinol oxidation site, as judged by the electron paramagnetic resonance signal, and only a minor effect on the rate of cytochrome b reduction, but it severely reduced the rate of cytochrome c(1) reduction. This suggested that the mutation G167E could hinder the movement of the iron-sulfur protein, probably by distorting the structure of the hinge region. The function of bc(1) was partially restored by mutations (W164L and W166L) located close to the primary change, which reduced the steric hindrance caused by G167E. Taken together, these observations suggest that the protein-protein interaction between the n-sulfur protein hinge region and the cytochrome b extramembranous cd2 helix is important for maintaining the structure of the hinge region and, by consequence, the movement of the headgroup and the integrity of the enzyme.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|