Glycogen is a branched polymer of glucose, synthesized as a reserve of both energy and carbon. The branched nature of glycogen is important for its function and polyglucosan bodies, particles that contain a glycogen-like polymer with reduced branching, are a feature of several disease states. The degree of glycogen branching is thought to be governed by the balance between glycogen synthesis and branching activities. However, there have been reports that the intrinsic properties of individual branching enzymes govern the degree of branching. To address the relationship between synthesis and branching more fully, we made use of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The glycogen content of yeast cells was manipulated by using different growth conditions or by the introduction of specific mutations. Whenever glycogen storage was elevated, the polysaccharide formed was found to be less branched but normal branching could be restored by overexpression of branching enzyme.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|