The silenced HMR domain is restricted from spreading by barrier elements, and the right barrier is a unique t-RNA(THR) gene. We show that sequences immediately flanking the silenced domain were enriched in acetylated, but not methylated, histones, whereas the barrier element was associated with a nucleosome-free region. Surprisingly, the SAGA acetyltransferase resided across the entire region. We further demonstrate that a mutation in the barrier eliminated the nucleosome-free gap but only subtly altered the distribution of SAGA. Interestingly, neither reformation of the nucleosome nor mutations in chromatin-modifying enzymes alone led to an unrestricted spread of silenced chromatin. Double mutations in the t-RNA barrier and these complexes, on the other hand, led to a significant spread of Sir proteins. These results suggest two overlapping mechanisms function to restrict the spread of silencing: one of which involves a DNA binding element, whereas the other mechanism involves specific chromatin-modifying activities.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|