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Reference: Meisinger C, et al. (2006) Mitochondrial protein sorting: differentiation of beta-barrel assembly by Tom7-mediated segregation of Mdm10. J Biol Chem 281(32):22819-26

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Abstract


The mitochondrial outer membrane contains two distinct machineries for protein import and protein sorting that function in a sequential manner: the general translocase of the outer membrane (TOM complex) and the sorting and assembly machinery (SAM complex), which is dedicated to beta-barrel proteins. The SAM(core) complex consists of three subunits, Sam35, Sam37, and Sam50, that can associate with a fourth subunit, the morphology component Mdm10, to form the SAM(holo) complex. Whereas the SAM(core) complex is required for the biogenesis of all beta-barrel proteins, Mdm10 and the SAM(holo) complex play a selective role in beta-barrel biogenesis by promoting assembly of Tom40 but not of porin. We report that Tom7, a conserved subunit of the TOM complex, functions in an antagonistic manner to Mdm10 in biogenesis of Tom40 and porin. We show that Tom7 promotes segregation of Mdm10 from the SAM(holo) complex into a low molecular mass form. Upon deletion of Tom7, the fraction of Mdm10 in the SAM(holo) complex is significantly increased, explaining the opposing functions of Tom7 and Mdm10 in beta-barrel sorting. Thus the role of Tom7 is not limited to the TOM complex. Tom7 functions in mitochondrial protein biogenesis by a new mechanism, segregation of a sorting component, leading to a differentiation of beta-barrel assembly.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Meisinger C, Wiedemann N, Rissler M, Strub A, Milenkovic D, Schonfisch B, Muller H, Kozjak V, Pfanner N
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