Synthesis of rRNA in eukaryotes involves the action of a large population of snoRNA-protein complexes (snoRNPs), which create modified nucleotides and participate in cleavage of pre-rRNA. The snoRNPs mediate these functions through direct base pairing, in many cases through long complementary sequences. This feature suggests that RNA helicases may be involved in the binding and release of snoRNPs from pre-rRNA. In this study, we determined that the DEAD box helicase Has1p, a nucleolar protein required for the production of 18S rRNA, copurifies with the snR30/U17 processing snoRNP but is also present with other snoRNPs. Blocking Has1p expression causes a substantial increase in snoRNPs associated with 60S-90S preribosomal RNP complexes, including the U3 and U14 processing snoRNPs and several modifying snoRNPs examined. Cosedimentation persisted even after deproteinization. This effect was not observed with depletion of two nonhelicase proteins, Esf1p and Dim2p, that are also required for 18S rRNA production. Point mutations in ATPase and helicase motifs of Has1p block U14 release from pre-rRNA. Surprisingly, depletion of Has1p causes a reduction in the level of free U6 snRNP. The results indicate that the Has1p helicase is required for snoRNA release from pre-rRNA and production of the U6 snRNP.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|