Based on the characterization of ribosome precursor particles and associated trans-acting factors, a biogenesis pathway for the 40S and 60S subunits has emerged. After nuclear synthesis and assembly steps, pre-ribosomal subunits are exported through the nuclear pore complex in a Crm1- and RanGTP-dependent manner. Subsequent cytoplasmic biogenesis steps of pre-60S particles include the facilitated release of several non-ribosomal proteins, yielding fully functional 60S subunits. Cytoplasmic maturation of 40S subunit precursors includes rRNA dimethylation and pre-rRNA cleavage, allowing 40S subunits to achieve translation competence. We review current knowledge of nuclear export and cytoplasmic maturation of ribosomal subunits.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|