Ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation is essential for cells to survive many environmental stresses. Thus, it may be necessary to buffer ubiquitin and proteasome pools against fluctuation. Proteasome levels are tightly regulated, and proteasome deficiency stimulates a stress response. Here we report a novel pathway of cellular response to ubiquitin depletion. Unlike proteasome stress, ubiquitin stress does not upregulate proteasome abundance. Instead, ubiquitin stress alters proteasome composition. The proteasome-associated deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp6, which spares ubiquitin from proteasomal degradation, is induced by ubiquitin deficiency. This enhances loading of proteasomes with Ubp6, thereby altering proteasome function. A catalytically inactive mutant of Ubp6 fails to recycle ubiquitin and also inhibits proteasome function directly, thus inducing both ubiquitin stress and proteasome stress. These results show that homeostatic control of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway can be achieved through signal-dependent, subunit-specific regulation of the proteasome, and indicate a dual role of Ubp6 in regulating ubiquitin levels and proteasome function.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|