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Reference: Go MK, et al. (2010) Rescue of K12G Triosephosphate Isomerase by Ammonium Cations: The Reaction of an Enzyme in Pieces. J Am Chem Soc 132(38):13525-32

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Abstract

The K12G mutation at yeast triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) results in a 5.5 x 10(5)-fold decrease in k(cat)/K(m) for isomerization of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, and the activity of this mutant can be successfully "rescued" by NH(4)(+) and primary alkylammonium cations. The transition state for the K12G mutant TIM-catalyzed reaction is stabilized by 1.5 kcal/mol by interaction with NH(4)(+). The larger 3.9 kcal/mol stabilization by CH(3)CH(2)CH(2)CH(2)NH(3)(+) is due to hydrophobic interactions between the mutant enzyme and the butyl side chain of the cation activator. There is no significant transfer of a proton from alkylammonium cations to GAP at the transition state for the K12G mutant TIM-catalyzed reaction, because activation by a series of RNH(3)(+) shows little or no dependence on the pK(a) of RNH(3)(+). A comparison of k(cat)/K(m) = 6.6 x 10(6) M(-1) s(-1) for the wildtype TIM-catalyzed isomerization of GAP and the third-order rate constant of 150 M(-2) s(-1) for activation by NH(4)(+) of the K12G mutant TIM-catalyzed isomerization shows that stabilization of the bound transition state by the effectively intramolecular interaction of the cationic side chain of Lys-12 at wildtype TIM is 6.3 kcal/mol greater than that for the corresponding intermolecular interaction of NH(4)(+) at K12G mutant TIM.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Go MK, Amyes TL, Richard JP
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