The K12G mutation at yeast triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) results in a 5.5 x 10(5)-fold decrease in k(cat)/K(m) for isomerization of glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, and the activity of this mutant can be successfully "rescued" by NH(4)(+) and primary alkylammonium cations. The transition state for the K12G mutant TIM-catalyzed reaction is stabilized by 1.5 kcal/mol by interaction with NH(4)(+). The larger 3.9 kcal/mol stabilization by CH(3)CH(2)CH(2)CH(2)NH(3)(+) is due to hydrophobic interactions between the mutant enzyme and the butyl side chain of the cation activator. There is no significant transfer of a proton from alkylammonium cations to GAP at the transition state for the K12G mutant TIM-catalyzed reaction, because activation by a series of RNH(3)(+) shows little or no dependence on the pK(a) of RNH(3)(+). A comparison of k(cat)/K(m) = 6.6 x 10(6) M(-1) s(-1) for the wildtype TIM-catalyzed isomerization of GAP and the third-order rate constant of 150 M(-2) s(-1) for activation by NH(4)(+) of the K12G mutant TIM-catalyzed isomerization shows that stabilization of the bound transition state by the effectively intramolecular interaction of the cationic side chain of Lys-12 at wildtype TIM is 6.3 kcal/mol greater than that for the corresponding intermolecular interaction of NH(4)(+) at K12G mutant TIM.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|