Reference: Rinaldi T, et al. (2008) Dissection of the carboxyl-terminal domain of the proteasomal subunit Rpn11 in maintenance of mitochondrial structure and function. Mol Biol Cell 19(3):1022-31

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Abstract


We have previously demonstrated that the C-terminal part of Rpn11, a deubiquitinating enzyme in the lid of the proteasome, is essential for maintaining a correct cell cycle and normal mitochondrial morphology and function. The two roles are apparently unlinked as the mitochondrial role is mapped to the Carboxy-terminus, whereas the catalytic deubiquitinating activity is found within the N-terminal region. The mitochondrial defects are observed in rpn11-m1 (originally termed mpr1-1), a mutation that generates Rpn11 lacking the last 31 amino acids. No mitochondrial phenotypes are recorded for mutations in the MPN+/JAMM motif. In the present study, we investigated the participation of the last 31 amino acids of the Rpn11 protein by analysis of intragenic revertants and site-specific mutants. We identified a putative alpha-helix necessary for the maintenance of a correct cell cycle and determined that a very short region at the C-terminus of Rpn11 is essential for the maintenance of tubular mitochondrial morphology. Furthermore, we show that expression of the C-terminal part of Rpn11 is able to complement in trans all of the rpn11-m1 mitochondrial phenotypes. Finally, we investigate the mechanisms by which Rpn11 controls the mitochondrial shape and show that Rpn11 may regulate the mitochondrial fission and tubulation processes.

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Rinaldi T, Hofmann L, Gambadoro A, Cossard R, Livnat-Levanon N, Glickman MH, Frontali L, Delahodde A
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