The Ca(2+)-dependent response to oxidative stress caused by H(2)O(2) or tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBOOH) was investigated in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells expressing transgenic cytosolic aequorin, a Ca(2+)-dependent photoprotein. Both H(2)O(2) and tBOOH induced an immediate and short-duration cytosolic Ca(2+) increase that depended on the concentration of the stressors. Sublethal doses of H(2)O(2) induced Ca(2+) entry into the cytosol from both extracellular and vacuolar sources, whereas lethal H(2)O(2) shock mobilized predominantly the vacuolar Ca(2+). Sublethal and lethal tBOOH shocks induced mainly the influx of external Ca(2+), accompanied by a more modest vacuolar contribution. Ca(2+) transport across the plasma membrane did not necessarily involve the activity of the Cch1p/Mid1p channel, whereas the release of vacuolar Ca(2+) into the cytosol required the vacuolar channel Yvc1p. In mutants lacking the Ca(2+) transporters, H(2)O(2) or tBOOH sensitivity correlated with cytosolic Ca(2+) overload. Thus, it appears that under H(2)O(2)-induced or tBOOH-induced oxidative stress, Ca(2+) mediates the cytotoxic effect of the stressors and not the adaptation process.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|