The H(+)/ATP synthase from yeast mitochondria, MF(0)F(1), was purified and reconstituted into liposomes prepared from phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidic acid. Analysis by mass spectrometry revealed the presence of all subunits of the yeast enzyme with the exception of the K-subunit. The MF(0)F(1) liposomes were energized by acid-base transitions (DeltapH) and a K(+)/valinomycin diffusion potential (Deltaphi). ATP synthesis was completely abolished by the addition of uncouplers as well as by the inhibitor oligomycin. The rate of ATP synthesis was optimized as a function of various parameters and reached a maximum value (turnover number) of 120s(-1) at a transmembrane pH difference of 3.2 units (at pH(in)=4.8 and pH(out)=8.0) and a Deltaphi of 133mV (Nernst potential). Functional studies showed that the monomeric MF(0)F(1) was fully active in ATP synthesis. The turnover increased in a sigmoidal way with increasing internal and decreasing external proton concentration. The dependence of the turnover on the phosphate concentration and the dependence of K(M) on pH(out) indicated that the substrate for ATP synthesis is the monoanionic phosphate species H(2)PO(4)(-).CI - Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|