Reference: Chandrasekharan MB, et al. (2009) Ubiquitination of histone H2B regulates chromatin dynamics by enhancing nucleosome stability. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106(39):16686-91

Reference Help

Abstract


The mechanism by which ubiquitination of histone H2B (H2Bub1) regulates H3-K4 and -K79 methylation and the histone H2A-H2B chaperone Spt16-mediated nucleosome dynamics during transcription is not fully understood. Upon investigating the effect of H2Bub1 on chromatin structure, we find that contrary to the supposed role for H2Bub1 in opening up chromatin, it is important for nucleosome stability. First, we show that H2Bub1 does not function as a "wedge" to non-specifically unfold chromatin, as replacement of ubiquitin with a bulkier SUMO molecule conjugated to the C-terminal helix of H2B cannot functionally support H3-K4 and -K79 methylation. Second, using a series of biochemical analyses, we demonstrate that nucleosome stability is reduced or enhanced, when the levels of H2Bub1 are abolished or increased, respectively. Besides transcription elongation, we show that H2Bub1 regulates initiation by stabilizing nucleosomes positioned over the promoters of repressed genes. Collectively, our study reveals an intrinsic difference in the property of chromatin assembled in the presence or absence of H2Bub1 and implicates the regulation of nucleosome stability as the mechanism by which H2Bub1 modulates nucleosome dynamics and histone methylation during transcription.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Authors
Chandrasekharan MB, Huang F, Sun ZW
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference