The Mrt4 protein, showing extensive sequence similarity to the ribosomal P0 protein, is classified as a ribosomal P0-like protein and acts as a trans-acting factor which modulates the assembly of the pre-60S particle. In this report we investigated the biological nature of the human Mrt4 protein. First, we constructed a series of hybrid hMrt4-P0 proteins by replacing various domains of the P0 protein with corresponding protein fragments from hMrt4. We found that hMrt4 binds to the same site on the large ribosomal subunit as does P0, but despite the sequence homology it is not able to functionally complement the lack of P0. Using fluorescence microscopy and biochemical approaches we also show that hMrt4 occupies predominantly the nucleolar compartment, in contrast to P0 and P1/P2, which are located in the cytoplasm. The nucleolar accumulation of hMrt4 does not depend on a specific nucleolus localization signal, but rather occurs via interaction with established nucleolar components such as rRNA; however, nuclear import of hMrt4 is dependent on a short sequence in the N-terminal part of the protein. Functional analysis with specific inhibitors, actinomycin D and leptomycin B, showed that hMrt4 is a trans-acting factor involved in ribosome maturation, with nucleus-cytoplasm shuttling capacity.CI - 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|