Industrial yeasts, including a sake yeast Kyokai no. 7 (K7), are generally unable to sporulate. In K7 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) cells, IME1 transcription was not induced under sporulation conditions, and K7 cells partially restored sporulation ability when transformed with a multicopy plasmid bearing IME1. However, the mechanisms of sporulation incompetence in industrial yeasts are poorly understood. We demonstrated that the deletion of the G1 cyclin CLN3, a key activator of the cell cycle, allows K7 cells to induce IME1 transcription and sporulate under sporulation conditions. In K7 cells, CLN3 mRNA and protein were not down-regulated despite sporulation conditions. Moreover, using a two-hybrid assay, we found that Ime1-Ume6 interaction was promoted in Cln3-deficient K7 cells. Thus, Cln3 is involved in the mechanism underlying sporulation incompetence by inhibiting IME1 transcription and the Ime1-Ume6 interaction. Based on these findings, we hypothesize that the absence of transmission of nutrient starvation signals to CLN3 leads to sporulation incompetence in K7 cells.CI - 2010. Published by Elsevier B.V.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|