Microtubule (MT) binding accelerates the rate of ATP hydrolysis in kinesin. To understand the underlying mechanism, using charged-to-alanine mutational analysis, we identified two independent sites in tubulin, which are critical for kinesin motility, namely, a cluster of negatively charged residues spanning the helix 11-12 (H11-12) loop and H12 of alpha-tubulin, and the negatively charged residues in H12 of beta-tubulin. Mutation in the alpha-tubulin-binding site results in a deceleration of ATP hydrolysis (k(cat)), whereas mutation in the beta-tubulin-binding site lowers the affinity for MTs (K(0.5)MT). The residue E415 in alpha-tubulin seems to be important for coupling MT binding and ATPase activation, because the mutation at this site results in a drastic reduction in the overall rate of ATP hydrolysis, largely due to a deceleration in the reaction of ADP release. Our results suggest that kinesin binding at a region containing alpha-E415 could transmit a signal to the kinesin nucleotide pocket, triggering its conformational change and leading to the release of ADP.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|