Many eukaryotic secretory proteins are selected for export from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through their interaction with the Sec24p subunit of the COPII coat. Three distinct cargo-binding sites on yeast Sec24p have been described by biochemical, genetic, and structural studies. Each site recognizes a limited set of peptide motifs or a folded structural domain, however, the breadth of cargo recognized by a given site and the dynamics of cargo engagement remain poorly understood. We aimed to gain further insight into the broader molecular function of one of these cargo-binding sites using a non-biased genetic approach. We exploited the in vivo lethality associated with mutation of the Sec24p B-site to identify genes that suppress this phenotype when overexpressed. We identified SMY2 as general suppressor that rescued multiple defects in Sec24p, and SEC22 as a specific suppressor of two adjacent cargo-binding sites, raising the possibility of allosteric regulation of these domains. We generated a novel set of mutations in Sec24p that distinguish these two sites and examined the ability of Sec22p to rescue these mutations. Our findings suggest that cooperativity does not influence cargo capture at these sites, and that Sec22p rescue occurs via its function as a retrograde SNARE.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|