Abstract OXP1/YKL215c, an uncharacterized ORF of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, encodes a functional ATP-dependent 5-oxoprolinase of 1286 amino acids. The yeast 5-oxoprolinase activity was demonstrated in vivo by utilization of 5-oxoproline as a source of glutamate and OTC, a 5-oxoproline sulfur analogue, as a source of sulfur in cells overexpressing OXP1. In vitro characterization by expression and purification of the recombinant protein in S. cerevisiae revealed that the enzyme exists and functions as a dimer, and has a K(m) of 159 muM and a V(max) of 3.5 nmol h(-1) mug(-1) protein. The enzyme was found to be functionally separable in two distinct domains. An 'actin-like ATPase motif' could be identified in 5-oxprolinases, and mutation of key residues within this motif led to complete loss in ATPase and 5-oxoprolinase activity of the enzyme. The results are discussed in the light of the previously postulated truncated gamma-glutamyl cycle of yeasts.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|