Monitoring Editor: Ramanujan S. Hegde Various proteins, like the infectious yeast prions and the noninfectious human Huntingtin protein (with expanded polyQ), depend upon a Gln or Asn (QN)-rich region for amyloid formation. Other prions, e.g., mammalian PrP and the [Het-s] prion of Podospora anserina, while still able to form infectious amyloid aggregates, do not have QN-rich regions. Furthermore, [Het-s] and yeast prions appear to differ dramatically in their amyloid conformation. Despite these differences, a fusion of the Het-s prion domain to GFP (Het-sPrD-GFP) can propagate in yeast as a prion called [Het-s]y. We analyzed the properties of two divergent prions in yeast: [Het-s]y and the native yeast prion [PSI(+)] (prion form of translational termination factor Sup35). Curiously, the induced appearance and transmission of [PSI(+)] and [Het-s]y aggregates is remarkably similar. Overexpression of tagged prion protein (Sup35-GFP or Het-sPrD-GFP) in nonprion cells gives rise to peripheral, and later internal, ring/mesh-like aggregates. The cells with these ring-like aggregates give rise to daughters with one (perivacuolar) or two (perivacuolar and juxtanuclear) dot-like aggregates per cell. We also show that, the line, ring, mesh and dot aggregates are not really the transmissible prion species, and should only be regarded as phenotypic markers of the presence of the prions. Both [PSI(+)] and [Het-s]y first appear in daughters as numerous tiny dot-like aggregates, and both require the endocytic protein, Sla2, for ring formation, but not propagation.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
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