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Reference: Lee TA, et al. (2010) Dissection of combinatorial control by the met4 transcriptional complex. Mol Biol Cell 21(3):456-69

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Abstract


Monitoring Editor: William P. Tansey Met4 is the transcriptional activator of the sulfur metabolic network in S. cerevisiae. Lacking DNA-binding ability, Met4 must interact with proteins called Met4 cofactors to target promoters for transcription. Two types of DNA-binding cofactors (Cbf1 and Met31/Met32) recruit Met4 to promoters and one cofactor (Met28) stabilizes the DNA-bound Met4 complexes. To dissect this combinatorial system, we systematically deleted each category of cofactor(s) and analyzed Met4-activated transcription on a genome-wide scale. We defined a core regulon for Met4, consisting of 45 target genes. Deletion of both Met31 and Met32 eliminated activation of the core regulon, whereas loss of Met28 or Cbf1 interfered with only a subset of targets that map to distinct sectors of the sulfur metabolic network. These transcriptional dependencies roughly correlated with the presence of Cbf1 promoter motifs. Quantitative analysis of in vivo promoter binding properties indicated varying levels of cooperativity and interdependency exists between members of this combinatorial system. Of special note, Cbf1 was the only cofactor to remain fully bound to target promoters upon repression. Taken together, Met4 cofactors use a variety of mechanisms to allow differential transcription of target genes in response to various cues.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Lee TA, Jorgensen P, Bognar AL, Peyraud C, Thomas D, Tyers M
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