Reference: Soudet J, et al. (2010) Immature small ribosomal subunits can engage in translation initiation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. EMBO J 29(1):80-92

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Abstract


It is generally assumed that, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, immature 40S ribosomal subunits are not competent for translation initiation. Here, we show by different approaches that, in wild-type conditions, a portion of pre-40S particles (pre-SSU) associate with translating ribosomal complexes. When cytoplasmic 20S pre-rRNA processing is impaired, as in Rio1p- or Nob1p-depleted cells, a large part of pre-SSUs is associated with translating ribosomes complexes. Loading of pre-40S particles onto mRNAs presumably uses the canonical pathway as translation-initiation factors interact with 20S pre-rRNA. However, translation initiation is not required for 40S ribosomal subunit maturation. We also provide evidence suggesting that cytoplasmic 20S pre-rRNAs that associate with translating complexes are turned over by the no go decay (NGD) pathway, a process known to degrade mRNAs on which ribosomes are stalled. We propose that the cytoplasmic fate of 20S pre-rRNA is determined by the balance between pre-SSU processing kinetics and sensing of ribosome-like particles loaded onto mRNAs by the NGD machinery, which acts as an ultimate ribosome quality check point.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Soudet J, Gelugne JP, Belhabich-Baumas K, Caizergues-Ferrer M, Mougin A
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