It is generally assumed that, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, immature 40S ribosomal subunits are not competent for translation initiation. Here, we show by different approaches that, in wild-type conditions, a portion of pre-40S particles (pre-SSU) associate with translating ribosomal complexes. When cytoplasmic 20S pre-rRNA processing is impaired, as in Rio1p- or Nob1p-depleted cells, a large part of pre-SSUs is associated with translating ribosomes complexes. Loading of pre-40S particles onto mRNAs presumably uses the canonical pathway as translation-initiation factors interact with 20S pre-rRNA. However, translation initiation is not required for 40S ribosomal subunit maturation. We also provide evidence suggesting that cytoplasmic 20S pre-rRNAs that associate with translating complexes are turned over by the no go decay (NGD) pathway, a process known to degrade mRNAs on which ribosomes are stalled. We propose that the cytoplasmic fate of 20S pre-rRNA is determined by the balance between pre-SSU processing kinetics and sensing of ribosome-like particles loaded onto mRNAs by the NGD machinery, which acts as an ultimate ribosome quality check point.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|