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Reference: Zhang M, et al. (2010) Creation of a hyperpermeable yeast strain to genotoxic agents through combined inactivation of PDR and CWP genes. Toxicol Sci 113(2):401-11

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Abstract


We previously established a genotoxicity detection system based on the transcriptional response of the yeast RNR3 gene to DNA damage. In order to further improve its sensitivity to genotoxicants, we have attempted to increase cell permeability by removing cell wall mannoproteins (CWPs). Here, we report that selected deletion of pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) genes encoding membrane efflux transporters also enhanced cellular sensitivity to treatment by various genotoxic agents. Furthermore, we have validated our hypothesis that PDR and CWP protect cells through different mechanisms by demonstrating that simultaneous inactivation of the above two pathways resulted in a synergistic enhancement of assay sensitivity as measured by RNR3-lacZ expression, and that this effect is at the cell permeability level. The quadruple mutation results in RNR3-lacZ assay sensitivity to tested chemicals that apparently surpasses the industry standard Ames test. We argue that this hyper-permeable yeast mutant strain would be suitable for other chemical-based genotoxic assays.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Zhang M, Hanna M, Li J, Butcher S, Dai H, Xiao W
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