The budding yeast Gcn5p is a prototypic histone acetyltransferase controlling transcription of diverse genes. Here we show that Gcn5p is itself regulated by Snf1p and Spt3p. Snf1p likely controls Gcn5p via direct interaction. Mutating four residues in the Gcn5p catalytic domain, T203, S204, T211, and Y212 (TSTY), phenocopies snf1 null cells, including Gcn5p hypophosphorylation, hypoacetylation at the HIS3 promoter, and transcriptional defects of the HIS3 gene. However, overexpressing Snf1p suppresses the above phenotypes associated with the phospho-deficient TSTY mutant, suggesting that it is the interaction with Snf1p important for Gcn5p to activate HIS3. A likely mechanism by which Snf1p potentiates Gcn5p function is to antagonize Spt3p, because the HIS3 expression defects caused by snf1 knockout, or by the TSTY gcn5 mutations, can be suppressed by deleting SPT3. In vitro, Spt3p binds Gcn5p, but the interaction is drastically enhanced by the TSTY mutations, indicating that a stabilized Spt3p-Gcn5p interaction may be an underlying cause for the aforementioned HIS3 transcriptional defects. These results suggest that Gcn5p is a target regulated by the competing actions of Snf1p and Spt3p.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|