Reference: Wolff EC, et al. (2007) Posttranslational synthesis of hypusine: evolutionary progression and specificity of the hypusine modification. Amino Acids 33(2):341-50

Reference Help

Abstract


A naturally occurring unusual amino acid, hypusine [N (epsilon)-(4-amino-2-hydroxybutyl)-lysine] is a component of a single cellular protein, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). It is a modified lysine with structural contribution from the polyamine spermidine. Hypusine is formed in a novel posttranslational modification that involves two enzymes, deoxyhypusine synthase (DHS) and deoxyhypusine hydroxylase (DOHH). eIF5A and deoxyhypusine/hypusine modification are essential for growth of eukaryotic cells. The hypusine synthetic pathway has evolved in eukaryotes and eIF5A, DHS and DOHH are highly conserved, suggesting maintenance of a fundamental cellular function of eIF5A through evolution. The unique feature of the hypusine modification is the strict specificity of the enzymes toward its substrate protein, eIF5A. Moreover, DHS exhibits a narrow specificity toward spermidine. In view of the extraordinary specificity and the requirement for hypusine-containing eIF5A for mammalian cell proliferation, eIF5A and the hypusine biosynthetic enzymes present new potential targets for intervention in aberrant cell proliferation.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Review | Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
Authors
Wolff EC, Kang KR, Kim YS, Park MH
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference