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Reference: Baerends RJ, et al. (2009) Impaired uptake and/or utilization of leucine by Saccharomyces cerevisiae is suppressed by the SPT15-300 allele of the TATA-binding protein gene. Appl Environ Microbiol 75(19):6055-61

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Abstract


Successful fermentations to produce ethanol require microbial strains that have high tolerance to glucose and ethanol. Enhanced glucose/ethanol tolerance of the laboratory yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain BY4741 under certain growth conditions has been reported as a consequence of the expression of a dominant mutant allele of the SPT15 gene (SPT15-300) harboring 3 amino acid changes F177S, Y195H and K218R (Alper, H., J. Moxley, E. Nevoigt, G. R. Fink, and G. Stephanopoulos. 2006. Science 314:1565-1568). The SPT15 gene codes for the TATA-binding protein. This finding prompted us to examine the effect of expression of the SPT15-300 allele in various yeast species of industrial importance. Expression of SPT15-300 in leucine prototrophic strains of S. cerevisiae, S. bayanus or S. pastorianus (lager brewing yeast) did however not improve tolerance to ethanol on complex rich media (YPD). The enhanced growth of the laboratory yeast strain BY4741 expressing the SPT15-300 mutant was only seen on defined media with low concentrations of leucine, indicating that the apparent improved growth in the presence of ethanol was indeed associated with enhanced uptake and/or utilisation of leucine. Re-examination of the microarray data published by Alper and co-workers likewise suggested that expression of genes coding for the leucine permeases, Tat1p and Bap3p, were up-regulated in the SPT15-300 mutant, as were expression of the genes ARO10, ADH3, ADH5 and SFA1 involved in leucine degradation.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Baerends RJ, Qiu JL, Rasmussen S, Nielsen HB, Brandt A
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