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Reference: Hughes LM, et al. (2010) Probing binding determinants in center P of the cytochrome bc(1) complex using novel hydroxy-naphthoquinones. Biochim Biophys Acta 1797(1):38-43

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Abstract

Atovaquone is a substituted 2-hydroxy-naphthoquinone used therapeutically against Plasmodium falciparum (malaria) and Pneumocystis pathogens. It acts by inhibiting the cytochrome bc(1) complex via interactions with the Rieske iron-sulfur protein and cytochrome b in the ubiquinol oxidation pocket. As the targeted pathogens have developed resistance to this drug there is an urgent need for new alternatives. To better understand the determinants of inhibitor binding in the ubiquinol oxidation pocket of the bc(1) complex we synthesized a series of hydroxy-naphthoquinones bearing a methyl group on the benzene ring that is predicted to interact with the nuclear encoded Rieske iron-sulfur protein. We have also attempted to overcome the metabolic instability of a potent cytochrome bc(1) complex inhibitor, a 2-hydroxy-naphthoquinone with a branched side-chain, by fluorinating the terminal methyl group. We have tested these new 2-hydroxy-naphthoquinones against yeast and bovine cytochrome bc(1) complexes to model the interaction with pathogen and human enzymes and determine parameters that affect efficacy of binding of these inhibitors. We identified a hydroxy-naphthoquinone with a trifluoromethyl function that has potential for development as an anti-fungal and anti-parasitic therapeutic.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Hughes LM, Covian R, Gribble GW, Trumpower BL
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